France loses 400 to 50 billion euros per year due to tax evasion, and the rich collectively evade ta-truffe

France each year for tax evasion, lost 400 to 50 billion euros the collective tax evasion original title: rich collective reproduction of tax evasion tax system in France disadvantages of UBS (hereinafter UBS) on suspicion of serious tax fraud and illegal lobbying, assist the French rich collective Tax Evasion under investigation, will soon be on trial in Paris misdemeanor court. French "Le Monde" is expected, UBS will be fined billions of euros, equivalent to half the amount of money involved, UBS and French company executives also face penalties. The French tax evasion each year due to the loss of up to 40 billion to 50 billion euros in Switzerland is the world’s largest offshore financial center, management of offshore assets up to $2 trillion and 200 billion, the implementation of bank secrecy laws in many countries that the EU will hide in the wealth of the rich. After the outbreak of the international financial crisis in 2008, many countries have intensified their efforts to combat tax fraud and tax evasion. French journalist Antoine peillon said that France will rich about 600 billion euros in the overseas tax havens to hide assets. During the economic crisis, France imposed austerity on the one hand, and on the other hand suffered huge losses because of the tax evasion by the rich. According to the French "Le Figaro" statistics, France each year for tax evasion losses of 40 billion to 50 billion euros, nearly 3% of the nation’s gdp. To this end, the voice of all walks of life in France calls for increasing government efforts to combat tax evasion. The world newspaper estimates that the French assets hidden at UBS in 2014 were as much as 13 billion to 23 billion euros. Although UBS disagrees, it has been forced to pay a bail of 1 billion 100 million euros. According to the survey, as of November 30, 2008, the French account opened at UBS has 38330, the deposit amounted to 8 billion 400 million euros. Fearing the cancellation of secrecy by UBS, as of September 30, 2015, 4206 French tax dodgers converted their deposits back to France, involving an amount of at least 3 billion euros. The French tax evasion identity diversification, tax evasion for different reasons, and the French Ministry of finance according to the severity of tax evasion were sentenced to various penalties, the maximum will be sentenced to 7 years. In 2014, the French national football team Lizalazu will return to the account in France 9 million 200 thousand euros in UBS’s deposit, by the French Ministry of finance as a "passive evasion"; the famous football coach, although the final reversal of the French guy Lu account 3 million 100 thousand euros, but the tax department finds its "active" hidden property. UBS "Hunter" by lobbying French rich target UBS UBS initially by the French branch of 5 former employees at the end of 2010 to the French tax authorities to write report. In March 2011, France launched judicial investigations. The tax department found 38 thousand numbered bank accounts on a list, accounting for 111 at the end of the account, indicating that the customer was french. How much UBS has drawn on the rich and how much tax they have evaded has not yet bottomed out. Paris Procuratorate on April 2013 this filing and judicial investigation, in June of that year to illegal door-to-door, conspiracy charges UBS bank branch. French media 5 法国每年因逃税失400至500亿欧元 富人集体逃税   原标题:富人集体逃税再现法国税制弊端     瑞士联合银行集团(下称瑞银)因涉嫌严重税务欺诈与非法游说、协助法国富人集体逃税而遭受调查,不久将在巴黎轻罪法庭受审。法国《世界报》预计,瑞银将被罚款几十亿欧元,相当于涉案金额的一半,瑞银法国公司及其多名高管也将面临处罚。   法国每年因逃税损失高达400亿至500亿欧元   瑞士是全球最大的离岸金融中心,管理的离岸资产高达2.2万亿美元,其执行的银行保密法让欧盟不少国家富人将财富藏匿于此。2008年国际金融危机爆发 后,许多国家加大了打击税务欺诈和偷税漏税的力度。法国记者安托万・佩永称,法国富人将约6000亿欧元资产藏匿于境外避税天堂。在经济危机期间,法国一 方面实行严苛的财政紧缩政策,一方面因富人逃税蒙受巨大损失。据法国《费加罗报》统计,法国每年因逃税损失400亿至500亿欧元,近乎于其国内生产总值 的3%。为此,法国各界要求政府加大打击逃税力度的呼声日益高涨。   《世界报》估计,2014年在瑞银隐匿的法国资产多达130亿至 230亿欧元。尽管瑞银对此持有异议,但已被迫缴纳了一笔11亿欧元的保释金。根据调查,截至2008年11月30日,在瑞银开立的法国账号有38330 个,存款金额达84亿欧元。由于担心瑞银取消保密制度,截至2015年9月30日,4206名法国逃税者将存款转回法国,涉及金额至少30亿欧元。   法国逃税者身份多样化,逃税原因各有不同,而法国财政部根据其逃税严重程度分别处以不同处罚,最高将获刑7年。2014年,前法国国家足球队员利扎拉祖 将在瑞银的存款转回其在法国的账户920万欧元,被法国财政部视为“被动逃税”;前著名足球教练居伊・鲁虽然最终转回法国账户310万欧元,却被税务部门 认定其“主动”隐蔽财产。   瑞银“猎人”通过游说法国富人寻找目标   瑞银案最初由瑞银法国分公司5名原雇员于2010年 底向法国税务监管部门写信揭发。2011年3月,法国启动司法调查。税务部门在一份名单上发现了3.8万个带有编号的银行账户,账号编码最末均为111, 以此表明客户是法国籍。瑞银究竟拉拢了多少富人、帮助他们逃避了多少税额,至今似乎尚未见底。巴黎检察院于2013年4月就此立案并展开司法侦讯,当年6 月以非法上门推销、银行分行同谋等罪名起诉瑞银。   法国媒体称,瑞银在法国没有银行执照,却大肆拉拢吸收客户。为吸收存款,瑞银派商务专 员游说法国富人。这些商务专员平均每人管理1.3亿欧元资产,被称为“猎人”。他们出入各种招待会、体育活动,物色潜在客户。为免遭调查,他们人手一本名 为《安全风险管理》的手册,其中有不少规定,如不随身携带客户名单;一旦遭遇检查如何销毁数据;入住与瑞银传统雇员不同的酒店;行动要出其不意;使用加密 电脑……在“猎人”的行话中,“前途”就是他们的目标,即富人。   在瑞银开户,“入场券”为25万欧元,300万欧元即可进入瑞银富裕阶层,即高净值客户。要享受瑞银的重点关注,成为其重要客户,存款额须在3000万欧元以上。瑞银内部将这些逃离欧洲税务部门、隐藏在瑞银的账户资金称为“易钱”,意指未申报资金。   政商关系密切,怎能指望政府追查逃税大户   法国民众认为政府在打击逃税方面并不积极。2009年,英国曾在花钱买来的一批逃税“黑名单”中发现其中可能有法国籍人士涉案,将之转交法国,没想到法 国隐而不发。英国媒体随后捅出此事,法国当局才被迫表态,承认确有其事,并表示将严加追查。然而,法国政府的行动一直只是“雷声大雨点小”。2010年 初,贝当古政治献金案爆发,不少法国人恍然大悟:政商关系如此密切,怎能指望政府去追查逃税大户?   法国社会学家、《逃税企图》一书作者 米歇尔・ 潘松认为,所谓的“西方民主社会”在运转中充斥无数禁忌与秘密,特别是税务秘密。在法国,你可以在税务部门查询每个人的个人收入,也可以询问自 己所在街区其他人的报税情况,但不能记录。如果披露他人的收入情况,将被罚款,罚款金额与其披露的数目相等,即如你披露某人去年申报了200万欧元的收 入,你将被罚款200万欧元。这就打击了披露或举报的积极性。税务欺诈材料被视为机密材料,即使税务官员也不能查阅。   该书共同作者莫尼 克・潘松―夏洛表示,西方社会其实很不透明,秘密太多:税务秘密、银行秘密、商业秘密……调查工作总是因为商业机密而不了了之。对举报者的保护机制也不完 善。所有逃税大案从来都不是税务监管部门最早发现的,往往是由于家族内部纠纷,或银行内部职员举报的结果。在一些法国媒体看来,逃税问题与税制弊端伤及了 民主的根本原则,打击逃税的公共手段非常有限,削弱了税制,增加了收入不平等。   检察官夏尔・普拉认为,目前法国在打击逃税机制中存在 “贝尔西之锁”。贝尔西是法国财政部所在地,也是财政部的代称。隶属于财政部的税务部门在处理逃税案件中扮演关键角色,如果没有税务部门的起诉,检察官不 可能启动对逃税的司法追查。“贝尔西之锁”暴露了法国税制的弊端。   (本报巴黎2月24日电)   (来源:人民日报 记者 李永群) 责任编辑:陈琰 SN225相关的主题文章: